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Bornean Banteng Programme

Danau Girang Field Center of Sabah Wildlife Department (SWD)

RM 1 Million

3 Years (2012 – 2015)

The Bornean Banteng, locally known as Tembadau, is a wild cattle species. Although it has been categorised as one of the most charismatic large mammal species in Borneo, the species still remains widely unknown. Bantengs are able to survive in dipterocarp, swamps and beach forests. They move in small groups of eight to 10 cattle. 

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species lists Bantengs as endangered and threatened, globally. Found largely in Malaysia, this species are also known to be in Indonesia, Australia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos. The Banteng is reportedly extinct in Brunei.  

Prior to 1940s, the Bantengs were said to be common among the banks of most major rivers in eastern Sabah and in many areas of shifting cultivation in the west and north, even in interior hill ranges. But today, the widespread of hunting has subsequently led to their rapid extermination in most areas. 

To date, Australia and Indonesia are the two countries that have been active in Banteng conservation efforts through workshops, conferences and publications that aids conservation action plans. 

In 2012, Yayasan Sime Darby officially pledged its support to the Bornean Banteng Programme that is led by Sabah Wildlife Department (SWD) in collaboration with Danau Girang Field Centre. The primary aim of the project is of course to increase the knowledge and awareness of this species in Sabah. Apart from this, other key objectives include research on the Banteng's demography, activity patterns, home-range size and population genetic structure that would contribute to the collection of baseline data on the Banteng. The concentration of the research areas are divided to two forest reserves in Sabah, namely; Tabin Wildlife Reserve and Malua Forest Reserve. 

Besides this, the programme also seeks to locate the remaining population of Bantengs across Sabah and asses their conservation status and longevity in their current habitat. 

The Banteng is listed as endangered and threatened by IUCN since 1994. 


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